THE NEW COVENANT
There are two major covenants in the Bible. One is the Mosaic covenant which is a covenant of law, this was conditional. God said do this, obey and he will bless, failure to obey violated his conditions and punishment followed. the New Testaments covenant is one of blood but based on grace, it is unconditional. We receive the mercy and blessings of God not because of anything we do but because of what Christ did. As believers in the New Covenant we operate under grace by which good works are a result. Under the Law (Old covenant) good works were done to receive Gods favor yet there still had to be a sacrifice for sin. As it says that almost all things are cleansed by blood.
Jer.31:31-34:Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD; for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more. (Quoted in Heb.8:7-12) This is a permanent forgiveness of sin.
Heb.7:18: "For on one hand there was an annulling of the former commandment because of its weakness and unprofitableness,"
Heb.8:7- " For if the first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second. "vs. 13 "In that he has said "A new covenant," he has made the first obsolete now what is obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away."
The Mosaic cov. was becoming old (in use worn out) and vanishing away in Jeremiahs time it vanished away with the death of Christ. Heb.8 So it is distinct from the Old Covenant. What it couldn't accomplish Christ did.
The New Covenant-Greek- Karnei Diatheke Last will an testament. an arrangement of one party made for another. to either accept or reject- If accepted one is obligated to keep its terms. there is no altering or changing it since it is God who made it and keeps it. Entering covenant with God means that he is committed to you. Jn.10:27-28 he gives us eternal life, its a gift which lasts forever.
The Old Testament covenant- is a revelation of the holiness of god in the righteous requirement and standard of the law. Which was a conditional covenant.
The New Testament covenant-A revelation of the holiness of God in a righteous son who empowers those who, believe and receive it to become adopted children of God. was a unconditional cov. The purpose of this new cov. is to do what the Old Testament covenant could not. The New Covenant is based on the shed blood which signed and sealed the covenant under the Mosaic covenant the shed blood of animals could only cover sins temporarily (Heb.8:27).
Under the New Cov. he did it once for all Heb.7:27, we are fully and permanently forgiven (Eph.1:7, Col.2:13).
God gives the believer the power to live his standard by the new birth. he gives the H.Spirit to indwell every believer.
Rom.,8:2 "For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.3: For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:"4: That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
When Christ died the believer's position from the New Covenant changed.
We were crucified with Christ (Gal.2:20) When he died the law died with him and so did we. (Col.2:20) we were buried with him (Rom.6:4) We were made alive with him by his resurrection (Eph.2:5, Col.3:1) we were made joint heirs with Christ and will be glorified with him (Rom.817)
The New covenant involves blood. It is enforced by the death of the testator and operated by grace.
Blood purchased us Rom.3:25; Eph.1:7, Bought with his blood 1Cor.6:20; 1Pt.1:18-19; Col.1:14
Heb.7:27 "Jesus has become a surety of a better covenant."
Heb9:15: "And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. 16: For where a testament is,, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.
Heb.9:12-12: "Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us."
Rom.5:9: "Much more then having now been justified by his blood we shall be saved from wrath through him."
It was to have gentiles become partakers of the spiritual blessings Eph.3:5-6; Rom.11:16-24. In the new Cov. there is the law of Christ. While the Mosaic covenant had many commandments the law of Christ repeats them all except one (the sabbath). There are also many changes. Ex. Under the Mosaic Cov. some meats were unclean under the New covenant all are clean.
Many of the commandments in the New Testament are intensified. In the Mosaic-Lev. 19:8: "Love your neighbor as yourself. " In the New covenant John l5:13 "Love your neighbor even as I have loved you." This amplified the meaning of the law with Christ as the standard.
Today if one obeys "you shall not steal" It's not because of the Mosaic but because Christ said it. We operate from a new law under Christ who is our instructor through the Holy Spirit..
When Christ died the law of Moses which was temporary was done away with. Rom. 10:4 "Christ is the end of the law for all who believe."
Col.2:14-17 "Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it. Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an Holy day, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ."
Eph.2:14-15: " Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of the two one new man' so making peace;"
Gal 2:19-21: "For I through the law died to the law that I might live to God. "I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me." I do not set aside the grace of God; for if righteousness comes through the law, then Christ died in vain." Paul says when he received salvation he died through the law, the law kills. He has now been spiritually raised to new life so he can live to God. He is given life by the law of the spirit that is superior to the law that could only bring death.
Rom.8:2-4: "For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh. That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
We cant reform our old nature man does not have the ability only the Holy spirit does. The Bible teaches that we must crucify the flesh the old nature and live and operate through the new nature. This comes from the inside out not from the outside in. In Rom.6:6 it states that our old man was crucified with him that the body of sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves to sin."
Gal 3:11-13:" Now that no one is justified by the Law before God is evident; for, "The righteous man shall live by faith." However, the Law is not of faith; on the contrary, "He who practices them shall live by them."13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us-- for it is written, "Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree."
When Christ died there were a number of things that took place.
His death was a propitiation this means the wrath of God was satisfied God the father poured out his anger and punishment against sin on his son. (Rom.3:25; l Jn.2:2; 4: 10)
We have been delivered from the kingdom of darkness into light (Col.1:13; Heb.2:14-15) it is our inheritance.
All of our sins were forgiven because when Christ died they were all in the future. The believers past, present, and future sins were totally forgiven so that there is no sin that can cause him to lose his salvation. Blasphemy of the Spirit is not done by anyone who believes so it is not relevant to those who are in Christ.
All our sins are forgiven (Eph.1:7, Col.1:14; 2:13) This means eternal life is a present possession and future possession. If it was only for now it would not be eternal. if it was future than we would not possess it now which means we d not have the Holy Spirit who instills it in us.
We are adopted (Rom.8:15; Gal.4:5 We are regenerated (Jn.3:5-6; Titus 3:5, And put in the body (1 Cor. 12:13, Rom.6:1-10) indwelt by the Spirit of God( 1 Cor. 3:16, 6:19) sealed till the day he comes for us (2 Cor.1:22; Eph.1:3-14, 4:30) empowered for service Eph.5:18.
Heb 10:14,17-18 States "For by one offering he has perfected forever them that are sanctified. And their sins and iniquities I will remember no more. Heb.9:26 "He put away sin by himself.
We were given a new nature. We've gone from the nature of Adam to the nature of Christ. We now have the power by the Holy Spirit to rule over the old nature that had us sin but the choice is still up to us with every decision we make (Rom. 12:1; Col. 1: 13). This all because of the New covenant, something the old covenant could never deliver.