The Son of Man will come in the glory of His Father
What did Jesus mean in Matt 16:27-28 “For the Son of Man will come in the glory of His Father with His angels, and then He will reward each according to his works. Assuredly, I say to you, there are some standing here who shall not taste death till they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom.”
Jesus said that some of his disciples, those who were standing right there in front of him, would not die until what? He comes in his kingdom, NOT that He would come with his angels to reward every man according to his works (Revelation 22:12)
“the Son of Man will come in the glory of His Father with His angels” means he has to leave to come again. To see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom is related to this but not the same event.
Mark and Luke explain this further, qualifying his statement: Mark 9:1, "Until they have seen the kingdom of God come with power” (Luke 9:27).
Coming in his kingdom is not the exact event of coming in the glory of the Father, though there are some similarities in words but not in the event.
Luke 9:32 “they saw His glory and the two men who stood with Him.”
His kingdom of power is what they saw several days later as he showed them at the Mount of Transfiguration when Moses and Elijah showed up with him as he showed his glory that would be seen in the kingdom.
His kingdom did not come in any permanence, anymore than when he said in Mat.t 12:28 But if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, surely the kingdom of God has come upon you.” An illustration of power that would be present in his kingdom. This was a spiritual presentation of the future kingdom on earth when he returns. For now we have his spiritual kingdom
And what of he said at his trial makes this clear, John 18:36 “ If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would fight, so that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now My kingdom is not from here."
Therefore his kingdom had not come, especially before he suffered and died. Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent council member, who was himself was waiting for the kingdom of God (Luke 23:51).
At his transfiguration Peter volunteered by saying that it is good they are here, let’s make 3 tabernacles for you, Moses and Elijah. He had the right intentions but the wrong timing. For the Passover lamb first needs to be sacrificed before the feast of tabernacles, God is with us permanently can be celebrated until he ascended and returns to end the tribualtion.
After his resurrection Jesus was asked by the same disciples with him on the Mount of Transfiguration " Lord, will You at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?" And He said to them, "It is not for you to know times or seasons which the Father has put in His own authority. Acts 1:6-8)
Luke 22:28-30 But you are those who have continued with Me in My trials. And I bestow upon you a kingdom, just as My Father bestowed one upon Me, that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel. "
No one judges the 12 tribes until he is present, at his second coming. That is when his kingdom on earth is established.
2 Tim 4:1 “ Jesus Christ, who will judge the living and the dead at His appearing and His kingdom”
What is meant that they would see the Son of man coming into his kingdom, or see the kingdom of God (Mk.9:1; Lk.9:27; Mt.16:28). Mark's account adds, “present with power” (the Greek word Dunamis - meaning, supernatural power that was used for signs to validate who Jesus was). They saw His inner glory and it was accompanied with two most important Jewish prophets
Matt 24:30 speaks of his 2nd coming, that he will reveal himself to all for who he really is. The sign of the Son of man will appear in heaven …and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory .” The sign will be the visible glory seen by all on earth. There will be no mistake of who he is for His glory will be revealed on that day as it was to the disciples on the mount.