What is God, how is he described in Scripture?
There are two classes of beings in the universe, created and non-created. God is in the non-created class and He as Spirit is all by himself, as the one God.
The Bible teaches that God alone is eternal (Deut. 33:27). From everlasting to everlasting you are God (Ps.90:2). Isa. 57:15 thus says the High and Lofty One Who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy: "I dwell in the high and holy place.
God is infinitely eternal, having no causation. All that is finite, that is created has a cause and is dependent on what caused it to exist. God is the uncaused cause of all things. So only what is infinite is unlimited and must be the cause of all things. This is the being called God who did not have a beginning of Himself, if he had a beginning no matter how far back in time he could no longer be infinite.
God is not dependent on another but is a self - contained, self - sufficient. God said his name forever is I AM that I AM, which means He is the self-existent one, always being who he is, omniscient, never changing, all knowing never needing to learn. He has no limitations. He is called the living one that has life eternal. This is the God of the Bible.
God always existed. He is eternally existent. We as human beings had a beginning. Eternity if described in human terms stretches backwards and forwards it is of perpetual duration neither having beginning nor end. This concept of eternity cannot be fully comprehended but only apprehended.
Without an eternal something you cannot have creation. God is the only uncaused being, everything created is caused. Creation did not cause itself. Whatever comes to be, that is created, has a beginning, and is caused. Which means something else more powerful greater in knowing is its source. What is the cause must be before the effect, that which is created. In other words creation cannot be its own cause.
Creation can only exist by the one that caused it to come into being, creation is dependent on the one that is eternally existent, there is a time that the creation did not exist and God did. All created things come into existence in a point of time.
What is true of this being we call God before is true of him today, He has no change from eternity past to eternity future. Never changing always the same what He has now he always had. He is the source of all things, He is absolute, and constant within himself, having no beginning, no middle, nor end. A Billion years from now he will still have the same being not increasing in knowledge one iota, nothing can be added to his being. Isa. 40:13-14 Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD, or as His counselor has taught Him? With whom did He take counsel, and who instructed Him, and taught Him in the path of justice? Who taught Him knowledge, and showed Him the way of understanding? Acts 15:18 tells us Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world (from eternity). His knowledge encompasses all, there is no type of weakness in God's nature he is omniscient, all is perfect, if not, then those things cannot be eternal or part of his infinite nature.
This is also how God sees things, before He created one thing he knew the end from the beginning; of all things.
All things created are found in his eternal counsel, they are present in him from eternity even though they are not actually present in existence. Before he began to create one thing he knew the beginning to the end; of all things. Acts 15:18 tells us Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world (from eternity). His knowledge encompasses all, God's nature is omniscient, perfect because all his attributes that make up his nature are infinite.
He does not know one thing now and another later even though they are brought in succession through time. God has His plans present with Him in even though their appearance in the world needs to be executed in time. Remember the former things long past, for I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is no one like Me, declaring the end from the beginning and from ancient times things which have not been done (Isaiah 46:9, 10, NASB).
Nothing came into existence without him, He is the source of all and upholds all. It speaks of the Son in Col. 1:16-17 for by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist.
Only the God of the Scripture is presented as eternal in His nature, unchanging, omniscient, omnipotent, (omni everything). He is infinite, almighty and the ultimate good.
This God at a certain point in time became man to cleanse us of our sinful nature and ways, to restore what we have severed, a relationship with him through his only Son who suffered and died for our sins committed. God loves you and sent his son who gave his life to repair this separation.
1 John 5:11-12 And this is the testimony: that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. He who has the Son has life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have life.
He did this because:
2 Chron. 5:13"For He is good, For His mercy endures forever,"
1 Chron. 16:34-35 give thanks to the LORD, for He is good ! For His mercy endures forever. And say, "Save us, O God of our salvation.
Ps. 100:5 For the LORD is good; His mercy is everlasting, And His truth endures to all generations.
This is the God Christians believe in and pray to. And this is why we can put our trust in him.