The book of Hebrews and the deity of Christ
theology is absent from most Church’s and because of this many of the
members become subject to the cults who have honed their arguments and
convince them Jesus is not God or there is no tri unity in His nature.
Jesus cannot become peoples savior without them knowing that He is
Lord. To be Lord means more than just master but to the Hebrews it meant
Yahweh the creator. The book of John concentrates on the deity of Christ.
It starts with His preexistence and goes through His life and His claims
proving where he came from. His miracles are presented as proof of who He
claimed to be. Old Testament typology is used to prove that Jesus was
claiming to be the I Am of the their deliverer from Egypt and the true
The beginning of wisdom is the fear of the Lord. This means to have a respect for our maker, wisdom is when we act upon knowledge we received, to ignore it is not wisdom. There is very little fear of the Lord in the Church today. I think it’s mainly because we have gotten away from understanding of who Jesus is. He is God.
The best and only place to start in finding this out is in the
Scriptures where eyewitness accounts are historically recorded.
There is no
more clear evidence of the fact of Jesus being God in any book of the
Bible than in the Book of Hebrews. The writer of Hebrews whoever he was
had a superior understanding of Judaism and the functions of the
tabernacle, sacrifices and their prophetic significance. The writer of
Hebrews used the three most important subjects to the Jews, the angels,
the priesthood, and the sacrifices, and we find the Son is compared to
them all, is called superior.
Scripture consistently states God is eternal
and does not change. If
there is an eternal Father, then there is an eternal Son. These are terms
of relationship to one another. The title Lord (which is Yahweh) is
applied to the Father, to the Son and to the Spirit.
All three are called LORD,
(YAHWEH). They are three
persons but one Lord and God.
“I the Lord
do not change” (Mal.3:6). The
God of the Scriptures is presented as eternal in his nature, unchanging.
(Deut. 33:27). “ From everlasting to everlasting you are God” (Ps.90:2).
The word also teaches that all three persons of the Godhead are also
eternal, all belong to the order of eternity. Anything that undergoes a
change in nature cannot be God. Change describes something
not retaining its own being.
Only something that is created
is subject to change. Therefore God’s attributes, characteristics
and persons are as eternal as His nature.
Heb.1:2 states that God has in these last days
spoken to us by His Son whom he
has appointed heir of all things, “through
whom He made the worlds.”
This agrees with Jn. 1:3: “all things were made
through Him and without Him nothing was made that was made.”
All means all, not all other
things as the Jehovah’s Witnesses insert in Col.1:15. Here we see the
Bible teaching that Son exists prior to creation, which makes Him more
than just a creature.
However more than ever we need to be able to
prove this. The Bibles evidence of this fact is not lacking, it is
Here we find the consistency of the teaching
in New Testament of his pre-existence as the Creator yet as Heb.1:2 says
it was through Him God made everything. We can see the Sons role
was not a secondary one but primary. Scripture teaches that creation was
from the Father- through the Son- and by the Spirit. The Father as the
source created through the Son who is the agent and the Spirit was the
power. If the Son is
pre-existent then why should we believe the Father is? If we apply the
same rules of interpretation to both, this is the only conclusion we can
come to. But the truth is that they both exist eternally.
How then could God make the worlds
through the Son in Heb.1:2 If He did not exist prior to
creation? This text should
stand alone from any attacks of anti Trinitarians.
The book of Hebrew’s chapter one explains the
Son's participation in creation and his incarnation.
Heb.1:3 calls Christ “The effulgence of his glory the very image of His substance,” This is what was within Him and expressed by His life, His teachings and actions. Here Jesus shows that He has the glory of God that manifested itself in the Old Testament and dwelt in the tabernacle. It is this glory that was revealed on the Mount of transfiguration when this image became visible to the disciples. The Fathers voice from heaven testifies “this is my beloved Son hear him.” Notice that he says to listen to Him. God was not pointing to a human but the Son. In Jn.17:.5 Jesus prays “And now, O Father, glorify thou Me with thine own Self with the glory which I had with Thee before the world was.” Here is Jesus asking to be restored to His glory that He always had but was presently hidden under the veil of flesh.
In speaking of the Son in Heb.1:4: “having become so much better than the angels.” How, did he become better? By exaltation at the resurrection that returned Him to His former position in heaven. He already was better in nature before His incarnation, being deity, the very one who created all the angels. Yet He was made a little lower than the angels. Heb.1:5: “For to which of the angels did He ever say “you are my Son today I have begotten you?” Here the writer is proclaiming the Son as superior to all the angels. Angels as a species are called Sons of God (Elohim) (Psalm 29:1), but no single angel is ever called God’s Son, they are called the sons of God collectively. No creature is ascribed to them the name of " My Son". Angels are the greatest of Gods creation and the Son is said to be unique, how? Because the Son of God is of the same nature as His Father! This should shut down any thought entertained of Jesus being an angel as the Jehovah’s Witnesses claim. Actually the whole of chapter one and two of Hebrews compares Him to angels and He is superior. (V.5) “To which of the angels does he say you are my Son?” (V.13) “To which of the angels did He say sit at my right hand?” The answer is not one.
In Heb.2:5 it states, “He (God) has not put the world in subjection to angels.” If the world is subject to Jesus (and it is) then He is not an angel. God did not put any angel in control of all things, so Michael the Archangel cannot be God’s Son.
In Heb.1:6 The Father tells all the angels to worship the Son. Certainly God is not telling angels to worship another angel or a human? To worship any creature except God is forbidden, yet here we have God the Father telling the angels to worship the Son. What Father is saying is that Jesus is the eternal Son. This certainly should settle the issue if He is an angel or a man. This quote is found in both Deut. 32:43 and Ps 97:7 of the Septuagint where it speak of angels worshiping the Son. The only way Angels can worship the Son is because they are subordinate to Him. Jesus said “That all should honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him.” Does the Father command us to give the same honor to a human that we are to the Father who is God? No, so Jesus is more than a man.
The Father speaking, in v.8 But to the Son He says: “Your throne, O’ God is forever and ever... God, even thy God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.” (Heb.1:8) Here is God the Father saying to the Son He is God and he has a throne which is eternal. Does a human have a throne that is forever or is it God? The Jehovah’s Witnesses go the furthest in reinterpreting this to say God is the throne, this means He’s become a chair. The lengths some will go to to deny His deity.
In the Hebrew
Ps.45:6-7 (kic'akaa 'Elohiym `owlaam wa`ad)
means” Thy throne, O God, is forever, and to eternity.” : the
sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre. Thou lovest righteousness, and
hatest wickedness: therefore God,
thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy
fellows.” The Son also has a kingdom.
The later part of the verse is better
translated, "O God, thy God hath anointed thee."
The title God is given to two
individual persons, God says to another who is also God, that he has
anointed him with the oil of gladness. There are two and both are called
Isaiah prophesies Isa.42:1: “Behold my servant, whom I uphold; my chosen,( Jesus) in whom my soul delights in, I ( the Father) have put my spirit (Holy Spirit) upon him.” There are three persons in this verse, the speaker is one person, the servant is the other who is to be anointed, the third person is the Spirit of God. When we come to the New Testament we find who the other is that is anointed. This event occurred at Jesus’ baptism as he had the fullness of the Spirit rest upon Him. All the functions and gifts of the Spirit were active and present in Christ. It is this event that is spoken of in Luke 4:17-18: “And there was delivered unto Him (Jesus) the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because He (Yahweh the father) hath anointed me (Jesus).”
one of the early church's greatest theologians writes
in 200 A.D. “The Father is
the anointer, the Son the anointed, the Holy Spirit the unction. As the
word declares through Isaiah the Spirit of God is upon me because he has
anointed me, The Father sent the Spirit over the Son who is god also.
Three Coherent persons, the giver of the command to the receiver and the
spirit as the executor.”
In Heb.1:10 The Father speaking of the Son says, “You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of your hands... and they shall be changed: but thou art the same.” This is a quote from the Old Testament of Psalm 102:25 and is speaking of God. The writer attributed the "name" Yahweh to the Son in Heb 1:10, and the Father addresses the Son as eternal and being immutable “they will perish, you will remain”.
We know from Scripture the Father
is eternal (James 1:17). This is never disputed by anti Trinitarians.
Since it is essential for God to possess an eternal nature and exist in
this manner to create all things. What is disputed is that the
Son is also eternal. Speaking
of Jesus “whose goings forth are from old (ancient times)
from everlasting (from
eternity).” (Micah 5:2) “Jesus Christ the
same yesterday, today, and
forever.” (Hebrews 13:8)
meaning His nature is unchangeable.
Father still speaking to the Son “and You, Lord, in the beginning
laid the foundation of the Earth and the heavens are the work of
Your hands.” This agrees with Jn.1:1-3; Heb.1:2; Col.1:15-17. The
words “the foundation of the Earth” and
“heavens” means all parts of the universe, all that was made came
through His hands. So the Father states the Son is the Creator of all
things. If the Son is the creator, then the Son is God the creator of
Gen.1:1. The testimony of the Father who is recognized as God, should be
heeded. It is impossible for the Son to not really be Lord or God, if the
Father calls him such. Since God cannot lie. It is clear the writer meant
to apply it to the Lord Jesus to prove conclusively that He is deity. No
one, on reading the Psalm 102:25-27 would question it referred to God,
neither should they in Heb.1:10.
find Christ is faithful to Him who appointed Him just as “Moses also
was faithful in all his house.” That He is counted to have more glory
than Moses, for “He who built the house has more honor than the
house.” As v.4 states “For
every house is built by someone, but He who built all things is God.”
V.6 “But Christ as a Son over his own house whose house we are.”
Christ is the head of the house- the body of Christ. He is the architect
(builder) of all things (Col.1:15-17) therefore He is God. In Jn.14 we
are told just as the earth was formed by His hands He went to heaven to
prepare a place for His household, that where He is we may be also. He is
the wisdom personified in Prov.8:22 and called the master craftsman in
v.30. He as the Son is attributed to be co-creator with the Father in
Prov.30:4 when Agur asks what is Gods name what is his sons name if you
know? It is God who created all things.
The New Testament is not lacking in attributing divine creatorship
to His hands as in Jn.1:1-3: “He was in the beginning with God. All
things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that
was made.” V. 10 “and
the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him.”
Col. 1:16-17: “For by Him all
things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible
and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers.
All things were created through Him and for Him.” Rev. 4:11:"You
are worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honor and power; for You
created all things, and by Your will they exist and were created.”
(The whole chapter of Heb.1 attributes Christ being the creator by His
Father). In Acts 4:24-25 the disciples in “one accord and said: "Lord,
You are God, who made heaven and earth and the sea, and all that is in
them.” Certainly to call one Lord meant to the primitive Church He was
“In all things He had to be made like his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in all things pertaining to God.”(Heb.2:17) How was He made like His brethren? In His humanity, as God took on human flesh. The purpose was so he can understand the human condition experiencing it personally.
Heb.4:14: “Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession.” The priestly function is tied with the New Covenant, it is dependent on the God/man accomplishing salvation and distributing the benefits of it for those who enter into the Covenant by faith. We see this Scripture clearly states that Jesus is still the Son and has not changed to another person. He was the Son before and He is the Son for all eternity. He's continues in his mediatorial role, Heb.6:20: “He is our high priest forever,” 7:3 “abides continually,” V.17: “forever.” The mediatorial roles insist that there is another person who is God, for its functioning.
is only a man how can he pray and intercede for everyone. 1 Jn.2:1: “And
if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the
righteous.” Jesus is our advocate to the Father.
An advocate means someone who is as a defense lawyer and pleads
our case to another authority. But this advocate is sinless, which no man
ever was. Can a man hear all our prayers at the same time, can he pray
for everyone, Can he answer all our prayers?
The only way possible is
that He is more than man, but is the God/man.
“You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek, (Heb.5:6) To function as an eternal priest in an eternal priesthood, proves Him to be the eternal God/man. 1 Cor.5:21: “God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself.” Jesus is both man and God two natures in one person and because of this He is able to mediate for both parties. “Now a mediator does not mediate for one only but God is one.”(Gal.3:20) One who mediates has two sides to reconcile, mankind and God.
The writer of
Hebrews In 5:9-11 identifies the Son as the author of eternal salvation
to all who obey him. To be the author means the source and originator.
Since God is the source of all things eternal and in Isaiah he calls out
“look to me all the ends of the earth to be saved”, there is salvation in
no other (Acts 4:12), because God (the Son) alone can save and forgive
Again the theme
of Hebrews is using comparisons of the Son to three most important
subjects in Judaism, angels, the priesthood, and the sacrifices. Showing
he is better and greater than all of them, in Heb.7:15 the author states
“And it is far more evident, if in the likeness of Melchizedek, there
priest who has come, not according to the law of the
fleshly commandment, but according to the power of an endless life.” This
Son is called by God the high priest of the
order of Melchizedek which never
The author of Hebrews contrasts the two
priesthood’s. Jesus served
as a priest on earth not from the tribe of Levi but of Judah (Hebrews
7:14;8:4) which is unheard of. There is only two mentions of the
Melchizedek priesthood in the Old Testament and one was before the
Levitical priesthood was established.(Gen.14:18;Ps.110:4) When the Old
Testament law was given in exodus a priest was required to be a
descendant of Levi. High priests who performed the atoning sacrifice on
the Day of Atonement were required to be descendants of Aaron, Levi's
great grandson (Numbers 18; Hebrews 5:1-4). To be an Aaronic priest, one
had to trace their ancestry to Aaron, to be a Melchizedek priest was of a
divine appointment. Christ is a priest from the line of David, from the
tribe of Judah He was not from the Levitical order.
The Melchizedek priesthood is
superior because it is eternal in contrast to Aarons priesthood that was
temporary and continually changed due to death of the priest.
While the Levitical priesthood
ministered to only one nation, the Melchizedek priesthood is able to
minister to all.
Upon Christ’s resurrection, He became an eternal priest “according to the order of Melchizedek” (Hebrews 5:5-10; 6:19-20). Jesus is the eternal Son who died once and resurrected continuing in his priesthood forever as His priesthood is based on an endless life. The only one who can guarantee forgiveness has to be the mediator of the New Covenant vs.22-28 This is a perfect priesthood unlike the old which changed, this continues forever administered by the eternal Son of God to all who are in the house of God. (Heb.9:15-10:21) Christ became the high priest after he sacrificed his life and went to heaven, now sitting down in His mediatorial role at the right hand of the Father. In Heb.7:26 He became higher than the heavens, (v.28) “For the law appoints as high priests men who have weaknesses, but the word of the oath, which came after the law, appoints the Son who has been perfected forever.”
prophet or king was allowed to hold the three ruling offices in Israel.
Jesus holds to all three offices eternally, but He functions in them
Chronologically. He came as a prophet (Jn.4:44), today he is currently
holding the office and functioning as our high priest (Heb.5:6,10). He
was announced as King in his first coming but was rejected (Mt.12:22-45).
At his second coming He will be realized as King and accepted. (Isa.9:6;
Just believing in Jesus doesn't save you, although you may feel good and secure about Him. He must be understood as Lord, God, without this you don't have Christianity nor do you have the true Christ.
The Son is just as real and present before the
creation of the world as the Father is. Who said so? The Father!