What is the difference of the divine nature in man and the divine nature of Jesus?
We are told in 2 Peter 1:4: “Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.”
We have a new nature along with the old nature. The new nature is the indwelling of the Holy Spirit which is to rule over the old in us.
Jesus, the Son, who was incarnated had a divine nature, the same nature the Father and the comforter have. Only three possess it as theirs, it is intrinsic to them alone, whereas, for us, it is given but it is not us, it is God's nature in us. We are adopted into the family of God but it does not make us equal with, or become God, or another god. Nor does this expand the eternal Trinity into humanity.
What Jesus did was add a human nature to his divine nature. Man adds God’s nature to his human nature that is fallen but this human nature is not gone but to be ruled over by the Holy Spirit within him.
John 1:12-13 “But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.” Born of God: meaning a new birth by the Holy Spirit.
We are instructed by Paul in Rom.6:11-13: “Likewise you also, reckon yourselves to be dead indeed to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord. Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body”
Eph. 4:22-23: “that you put off, concerning your former conduct, the old man which grows corrupt according to the deceitful lusts, and be renewed in the spirit of your mind.” Col .9-10 tells us to “put off the old man with his deeds, and have put on the new man who is renewed in knowledge according to the image of Him who created him.”
Paul writes in Eph. 3:14-16 “For this reason I bow my knees to the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, from whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named, that He would grant you, according to the riches of His glory, to be strengthened with might through His Spirit in the inner man.” Notice it says by His Spirit, not ours. We are strengthened in our inner man, our human spirit by God’s Spirit.
Rom. 8:11 “But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.” It’s all dependent on His Spirit indwelling us, the power for life.
John 14:16-17 “And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may abide with you forever-- "the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees Him nor knows Him; but you know Him, for He dwells with you and will be in you.”
And even though the Spirit is in us we must still abide in Jesus by His word to be changed and to bring fruit in our lives. If we do not our spiritually life dies, we become barren. As Jesus said "If you abide in My word, you are My disciples indeed. "And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free" (John 8:31-32).
John 15:4-7 "Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in Me. "I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing. "If anyone does not abide in Me, he is cast out as a branch and is withered; and they gather them and throw them into the fire, and they are burned." If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, you will ask what you desire, and it shall be done for you.”
We abide in him to produce fruit, we keep the faith unto salvation (these are two different facets of the Christian life)
I Jn. 2:27 “But the anointing which you have received from Him abides in you, and you do not need that anyone teach you; but as the same anointing teaches you concerning all things, and is true, and is not a lie, and just as it has taught you, you will abide in Him.”
The holy Spirit lives in us to have us walk in the nature of Jesus, which is truth. He warns us of lies, what is false. When we continue to not separate from the lies we are no longer walking in the truth.
I Jn. 4:13-15 “By this we know that we abide in Him, and He in us, because He has given us of His Spirit. And we have seen and testify that the Father has sent the Son as Savior of the world. Whoever confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, God abides in him, and he in God.”
This is a continual confession of ones faith. That Jesus is the only way. One cannot have the confession, the declaration that all Christians share in, without the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, the comforter teaching them truth– That Jesus is the only begotten Son of God, equal with the Father.
So this divine nature that is to rule over our fallen nature will have us speak accurately about the Son
John 8:35-36 "And a slave does not abide in the house forever, but a son abides forever. "Therefore if the Son makes you free, you shall be free indeed.” This son that abides forever is Jesus Christ
Though we are made free from the old nature we still can sin, this is where the truth comes in.
1 Jn. 2:1: “My little children, these things I write to you, so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.”
What of Jesus who was also human: “For It pleased the Father that in Him should dwell all the fullness” (Col.1:19) (Greek- pleroma). Meaning, the totality of the Divine powers and attributes are filled up in Jesus. There is a pre-existent Son with the Father who are both deity, divine in nature
Col.2:9 is one of the most explicit statements of Christ’s deity in the New Testament. “For in him dwells (lives) the fullness of the Godhead bodily” (bodily form). Paul’s point- “God was in Christ” (2 Cor.5:19). All that makes God who He is, is found in Jesus (this does not exclude that the Father is also fully God or the Holy Spirit (the Helper) is fully God.)
It is not that certain aspects dwell in Jesus Christ in bodily form, but He by His very nature is God. “The meaning of the term “fullness of the godhead” is that Jesus was fully God on earth as His Father is in heaven. The point made in this Scripture is that Jesus was 100% God in the flesh. He is the second person of the Tri-unity, the only begotten son, not an adopted son. As man He did have a beginning but as God the Son He was eternal, with the Father.
That deity now permanently resides in his body, in Greek, katoikeo, meaning to house permanently. As man He did have a beginning but as God He was eternal.
So the difference between man having the divine nature and Jesus being divine is a matter who he is and who we are and that he existed eternally while we as humans had a beginning.