Mans dominion in Genesis
Adam was created sinless and given to rule over the other creatures created prior to him. Man was also made from the ground but not with a mate as the animals were. God breathed into man life and then later that same day after Adam named all the animals, God made a mate for him from his side
Both He and Eve were put in a garden to see how they would work out their obedience to God’s commands.
Gen 1:26 Then God said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth."
The Bible explains that only man was created a moral being, in the spiritual likeness and image of his maker - given a spirit.
It is because they reflected God’s image without flaw that they were capable of having dominion,
Heb.- radah- 1) to rule, to have dominion, to dominate, to tread down
a) (Qal) to have dominion, to rule, to subjugate when speaking of dominion this is not the same as what some interpret for man today.
It is man alone that God gave the ability to think, so he can create and improve things.
As Gen. 1:28 explains it further “God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves on the earth."
In other words by being fruitful and multiplying they would have control over the environment and do good.
Gen, 2:15 “Then the LORD God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to tend and keep it.”
This is where he would live and have dominion first exercised.
But they both succumbed to an outsider tempting them to disobey God, sin. First Eve then Adam. Because they both fell they lost the position and ability to have dominion in the way God intended. After they fell, being no longer sinless all that was under his jurisdiction was changed. First his relationship to his wife
Gen. 3:16 To the woman He said: "I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; in pain you shall bring forth children; your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you."
God did not intend for man rule by himself but with his wife. Since she instigated the fall by being deceived the position they had changed.
V.17-19 "Cursed is the ground for your sake; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life. Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you, and you shall eat the herb of the field. In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for dust you are, and to dust you shall return." God inserted his control in this situation pronouncing judgment on the ones who would have dominion on the erath.
Being cast out of the Garden proves that man lost dominion, he was given just as he lost his sinless state and eternal life with God. Nowhere do we find God giving man back his estate to rule over. It will come in the future as Jesus returns that we will co rule and reign under him.
Job 7:17-18 "What is man, that You should exalt him, that You should set Your heart on him, That You should visit him every morning, and test him every moment?”
Ps 144:3 “LORD, what is man, that You take knowledge of him? Or the son of man, that You are mindful of him?”
David writes in Psalm 8:3-6 the answer “When I consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, the moon and the stars, which You have ordained, What is man that You are mindful of him, and the son of man that You visit him? For You have made him a little lower than the angels, and You have crowned him with glory and honor. You have made him to have dominion over the works of Your hands; you have put all things under his feet”
Yes man was made to have this but it was taken away because of his fallen nature.
The author of the letter to the Hebrews, whose letter is proving Christ is greater than the tabernacle, the offerings and angels
Heb. 2:5-10 “For He has not put the world to come, of which we speak, in subjection to angels. But one testified in a certain place, saying: "What is man that You are mindful of him, or the son of man that You take care of him? You have made him a little lower than the angels; you have crowned him with glory and honor, and set him over the works of Your hands. You have put all things in subjection under his feet."
The author goes on to prove Jesus is not an angel but is the one we will be subject to.“For in that He put all in subjection under him, He left nothing that is not put under him. But now we do not yet see all things put under him. But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, for the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, that He, by the grace of God, might taste death for everyone. For it was fitting for Him, for whom are all things and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.”
So, we will again have a certain dominion under the one who saved us. “And has made us kings and priests to His God and Father, to Him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen. (Rev. 1:6)
Dan 7:13-14 “I was watching in the night visions, and behold, One like the Son of Man, coming with the clouds of heaven! He came to the Ancient of Days, and they brought Him near before Him.”
Then to Him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and His kingdom the one which shall not be destroyed.”
As Jesus stated after the resurrection before he ascended. “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth” (Matt 28:18). It is Jesus the Saints will rule under in the Millennium, because he will be the king of the kingdom on earth.