The Testimony of the Torah through the Types of Messiah
Yeshua spoke to the religious leaders “You search the Scriptures, for in them you think you have eternal life; and these are they which testify of Me” (John 5:39).
John 15:26: “But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me.”
Hebrews 10:7: “Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come -- in the volume of the book it is written of Me-- to do Your will, O God.’” (a Quote of Psalm 40:6-8)
In Jn.8:18: “I am one that bear witness of myself, and the Father that sent me beareth witness of me.”
So Jesus refers to the Scripture- the Holy Spirit and the Father as witnesses of who He is. He is the goal, the completion of the law and all that is in the book (Rom.10:4). JESUS CHRIST (Yeshua Ha Mashiach) is the FOCUS of the SCRIPTURE.
Throughout Yeshua’s (Jesus) ministry, He used what God gave Israel previously to identify himself as their Messiah. Besides certain miracles that only the Messiah could do, i.e. curing leprosy, and healing a man born blind (John 9:32- Isa. 43:7-9; Isa. 35:3-6) there were numerous other ways to identify who the Messiah is.
The practices given in the Old Testament became part of their culture and religious life of which Israel held for 1500 years, since Moses and until Jesus came. These practices had a twofold purpose- to keep Israel in relationship with God through their priesthood, sacrifices and tabernacle/ temple. With the Old Testament completed approximately 400 years before Messiah came, its teaching on the Tabernacle and Feast Days were given to practice then and so that Israel could recognize who the Messiah is when He comes. As Jesus spoke in John 5:39 All the word testify of Me” All the patterns, types were symbols shadows of the true substance to keep Israel in relationship with God.
While John the baptizer was in jail he questioned what was taking place in Jesus’ ministry, because the kingdom was not being setup. He sent a messenger to ask Yeshua, “Are You the Coming One, or do we look for another?” Jesus answered and said to them, “Go and tell John the things which you hear and see: ”The blind see and the lame walk; the lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear; the dead are raised up and the poor have the gospel preached to them. ”And blessed is he who is not offended because of Me” (Mt. 11:3-6 fulfilling Luke 4). He could not understand the two comings of the Messiah; the first coming as the Son of Joseph (the suffering one) the other as the Son of David (the ruling King). This is one of the main types used in the Old Testament that give us insight into the identity of the Messiah. Jesus revealed this very thing to the two disciples on the Emmaus road as he rebuked them because they did not “believe in all that the prophets have spoken! Ought not the Christ to have suffered these things and to enter into His glory?" And beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, He expounded to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself” (Luke 24:25-27).
Typology are like previews of the real purpose and function that is to come. That is- they were shadows of the true substance. As a light seen far away compared to a light that is present among them (Jn.1:12). Typology becomes a fascinating study in Scripture that shows its unity among the many authors and the intent woven throughout its pages. Jesus quoted and referred to nearly every book in the Old Testament and he used the quotes in numerous ways, one of which is illustrating that He is the topic of the typology. Once one understands the principle and application they can see the correlation in the New Testament easily.
The anticipation of the Messiah appearing among Israel that was under Roman occupation was high. Let me cite several examples:
In Luke 2:25-30 we read of Simeon a just and devout, waiting for the Consolation of Israel, (meaning the long awaited Messiah). The Holy Spirit revealed to him that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord's Messiah. V. 27-29 led by the Spirit into the temple. “And when the parents brought in the Child Jesus, to do for Him according to the custom of the law, he took Him up in his arms and blessed God and said: "Lord, now You are letting Your servant depart in peace, According to Your word; For my eyes have seen Your salvation.
The Messiah was to be the one who would save – as the angel told Mary “she will bring forth a Son, and you shall call His name JESUS, for He will save His people from their sins” (Matthew 1:21).
John 1:41-42: “He first found his own brother Simon, and said to him, "We have found the Messiah " (which is translated, the Christ). And he brought him to Jesus.”
John 1:44-45 Philip found Nathanael and said to him, "We have found Him of whom Moses in the law, and also the prophets, wrote--Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph."
Jesus meeting a Samaritan women at Jacob’s well, John 4:13-16 “Jesus answered and said to her, "Whoever drinks of this water will thirst again, 14 but whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him will never thirst. But the water that I shall give him will become in him a fountain of water springing up into everlasting life." The woman said to Him, "Sir, give me this water, that I may not thirst, nor come here to draw."
she tells him: “I know that Messiah is coming (he that is called the Christ): when he arrives, he will declare unto us all things.” The Lord responded: “I who am speaking to you am he” (John 4:25-26).
Jesus asked his disciples "But who do you say that I am?" Peter answered and said to Him, "You are the Christ." Then He charged them that they should tell no one about Him” (Mark 8:29-3).
Some were able to identify who Yeshua was by how He spoke and how He lived. Others needed a revelation like Peter. Yeshua would use the Old Testament as his source to let the people know his identity. Thisd is one of the reasons typology is a fascinating component of the Scripture. Typology or allegory (and symbols) illustrate the life of the Messiah in the lives of others and gives further understanding to doctrine when they it is kept in its cultural historical context.
Besides using literal examples of everyday life in stories to illustrate truth such as in parables, types and symbols from the Old Testament were often used by Yochanon (John) and Yeshua (Jesus) in their ministry for identification. When Jesus came to be baptized by John so that He would be revealed to Israel (Mt.3), John introduced Yeshua to Israel as the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world. We are most familiar with Jesus as a lamb. This antitype comes from Exodus 12. Four times in the New Testament we are told He is the lamb. The Passover lamb is the antitype of Jesus as the Lamb of God. He alone is the Lamb of God (not the lamb of men) could only take away our sins. Identifying him with Isaiah’s prophecy of God’s servant in Isa. 53. Passover is mentioned 50 times in the Old Testament, 27 times in the New Testament it is the most mentioned feast of all 7 feast days. In Passover you are to begin by purging out the leaven. (Old Testament - Exodus 12:14-20; 13:3. New Testament - 1 Corinthians 5:7-8; 1 John 1:9).
The first Passover feast eaten by the Jews in Egypt was to become a memorial feast for the people’s deliverance from bondage. Yeshua explains that the Lord's Supper (communion) in the New Testament corresponds to Christ. Both the Passover feast and the Lord's Supper have many things in common. They have the same meaning: (A memorial: Passover was to remember Egypt, while the Lord's Supper, to remember Christ's death (Exod. 12:26;1 Cor. 11:25). It looks to the past and the future, back at what he has done and looks forward to when He comes. Jesus identifies the symbols as being Himself, and promises -that HE IS COMING AGAIN. The first time He came in humility as the son of Joseph, the suffering servant- the next time He comes as a lion, the ruling King who will judge.
Jesus said he was the true BREAD: Jesus was born in Bethlehem (David called it the House of Bread) and called himself the bread of life. Unleaven bread is also called the Aphikomen (bread of affliction) at Pesach (Passover) and the Passover cannot end until each person has eaten a small piece of it. By doing this they are remembering the lamb. The bread Jesus broke at the last supper was unleaven bread. Paul describes the unleaven bread as fulfilled in Christ 1 Cor.5: 7-8: “Cleanse out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us. When Paul spoke this, the Jews knew exactly what he was talking about. Be cleansed in order to keep the Passover. He says in the next verse 8: “Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth.” In communion we are to search ourselves to see if there is any sin in us (1 Cor. 11:27-28) and repent, this is how we keep the feast.
Each feast required a young, innocent and perfect lamb: (Ex 12:5/ John 1:29; 1 Peter 1:19). The Jews were not allowed to break any bones on the Passover lamb when they ate it (Exod. 12:46; Num. 9:12), whatever was left is to burned with fire, the fire symbolizes Gods wrath against sin. In antitype the "Passover lamb" on the cross had no bone broken as prophesied in Ps. 34:20 = fulfilled in Jn. 19:33-36. The blood of the Passover lamb was to be painted on the outside of the door so that when the death angel came to judge all of Egypt, he would "Passover" that house and not kill the occupants. The hyssop was first dipped in the basin and then a sign of the cross was painted on the door, the top and two sides. The first Passover becomes a picture of the future suffering Messiah, with the crown of thorns on his head both hands outstretched and his feet pierced with nails. Yeshua’s sacrifice occurred on the very same feast day –Passover, thus he is rightly called the Lamb of God. 1 Peter 1:19 he writes that we have been purchased “with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot” (Heb.9:11-10:18 the offering of Jesus’ sinless blood fulfills Passover.
The blood of the true Passover lamb is to set us free from bondage and give forgiveness of our sins, so that when Judgment day comes, we will not be judged (Matthew 26:27). God had freed Israel from bondage by the blood of the lamb, Jesus freed Israel and all who believe by the blood of the lamb. As Moses led Israel out from Egypt, Jesus lead us out of a life of bondage to sin.
In Leviticus 16:29-34 we have another antitype of Christ called the "goat of atonement" and the "scape-goat" The priest took two goats. The first was goat was killed as a sin offering (Lev. 16:15) its blood was brought inside the veil and sprinkled on the mercy seat (Lev 16:19) he shall sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times”– the priest laid his hands on the live goats head and symbolically had the goat carry the sins of the people. Leviticus 16:21 “confess over it all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions, concerning all their sins, putting them on the head of the goat, and shall send it away into the wilderness.” The scape-goat was driven out within Jerusalem (Lev.16:10) Jesus was crucified and buried outside the gate of the city of Jerusalem.
But the picture of this sacrificial event becomes more interesting. In the New Testament, Hebrews 9:11-13 goes on to say, "But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things to come, He entered through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation; and not through the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood, He entered the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption."
The Tabernacle is God's Dwelling place, God patterned all it furnishings. Heb.8:5; 9:23 patterned after the things in the heavens… The tabernacle is a pattern of the real substance (Heb 9:21 24). 'Figures of the true' - the Holy Places made with hands are a model of the true reality. (2 Chr. 6- Jer. 17:12; Ps 24:3- Rev 15:1.-5). v.24 the earthly showing a heavenly truth a model of the true reality, they are shadows of the true light. The purpose of the Tabernacle was to contain the Shekinah Glory, where God dwelt.
He (Christ) is the greater tabernacle made by God, not of fallen creation. John 1:14 he says his glory is now made visible “The word became flesh and ‘dwelt’ among us.” The word for dwelt in Greek is skeinei, which is from the Hebrew mishkhan, which is the same root as shekinah. It means to tabernacle, as God dwelt in the Old Testament tabernacle. “He tabernacled among us.” No longer would God dwell in a temple made with hands, but a living temple.
The Veil (Exod. 26:31-35) was in type Christ's human body that shelled the Holy one (Matt. 26:26; 27:50). Hebrews 6:19-20“…which enters the Presence behind the veil , where the forerunner has entered for us, even Jesus, having become High Priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.”
Hebrews 9:3 “behind the second veil, the part of the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of All”
The veil of the earthly temple was supernaturally torn in two when Christ died from the top down (Matt. 27:51), granting instant access to God to everyone who approaches on the ground of faith in Him. Hebrews 10:19-21 “Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil , that is, His flesh, and having a High Priest over the house of God”
He was innocent and sinless yet suffered as if He had sinned. Jesus is our scape-goat. In essence, you can identify Jesus with all the sacrifices even the burnt offering. All the blood offering all the free will offerings are types that speak of the one who would come.2 Corinthians 5:21: He made him who knew no sin to be the sin-offering for us, the chastisement of our peace was laid “upon” Him (Isaiah 53:5). He was made to be sin for us in a JUDICIAL sense, a vicarious atonement; as our substitution He suffered in our place and took our penalty of our judgment, treated as if he himself sinned.
Yeshua spoke of himself as the door to the sheepfold in John 10:1-2 “he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door , but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.” V:7-8: John “I am the door. Anyone who does not enter by me is a thief and a robber.” “I AM THE DOOR, BY ME IF ANY MAN ENTER IN, HE SHALL BE SAVED AND GO IN AND OUT TO FIND PASTURE.” Here we again see Old Testament symbolism; He is the shepherd who guards his own sheep from predators. When man was first driven out of the garden a cherubim was placed at the east of Eden, and to guard the way back into the Garden, there was only one way in (Gen 3:24). During the Exodus journey the 12 tribes of Israel camped around the tabernacle, inside it was the holy of Holies is where the sacrificial blood of atonement would be brought by the high priest once a year. There was only one way into the Tabernacle was through the tribe of Judah camping at the entrance located on the east. Jesus is of the tribe of Judah, He is the door, the “only” way to God. The high priest becomes “the way” in the New Testament. Jesus said in Jn.14:6: “No one comes to the Father except through Me.”
In the person of Melchizedek Jesus is prefigured in his name (King of righteousness and peace) and His spiritual offices. Melchizedek was a king (Gen. 14:18), a priest (Gen. 14:18), and a prophet (Gen. 14:19), Jesus holds to all three offices eternally but He functions in them chronologically. He came as a prophet (John 4:44), today He is currently holding the office and functioning as the high priest (Heb.5:6, 10). At His second coming He will be ruling as King of all kings.He came as a lamb who would sacrifice his life, the body he took at his incarnation fulfilling unleaven bread (a sinless life) and Passover (the sacrificial lamb). At the second coming He returns as the son of David to set up the kingdom, coming as a lion.
Jesus is also identified as the Messiah of Israel in typology by life situations of other saints. God used certain saints, (though flawed) to give illustrations of the coming Messiah. One of the most powerful illustrations of the Messiah and having the most numerous types is with Joseph who suffered by his brothers hands. Jesus is called the son of Joseph, the suffering servant. These are but a few examples:
Genesis 37:5-9: “Now Joseph had a dream, and he told it to his brothers; and they hated him even more. 6 So he said to them, "Please hear this dream which I have dreamed: There we were, binding sheaves in the field. Then behold, my sheaf arose and also stood upright; and indeed your sheaves stood all around and bowed down to my sheaf." And his brothers said to him, "Shall you indeed reign over us? Or shall you indeed have dominion over us?" So they hated him even more for his dreams and for his words.
Jesus telling a parable Luke 19:11-12: “because He was near Jerusalem and because they thought the kingdom of God would appear immediately. He then gives the story of "A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom and to return” In the end he says inV.14 “But his citizens hated him, and sent a delegation after him, saying, 'We will not have this man to reign over us.
Both Joseph and Jesus are rejected for having a position of rulership.
Joseph tells his brothers of the exalted position he would receive they hated him for his testifying against them. Jesus is hated for his testimony of his exaltation to his brethren.
Luke 22:66-71: “the council demands to tell them if he is the Christ, tell us.” But He said to them, “If I tell you, you will by no means believe. “And if I also ask you, you will by no means answer Me or let Me go. “Hereafter the Son of Man will sit on the right hand of the power of God. Then they all said, “Are You then the Son of God?” So He said to them, “You rightly say that I am. And they said, “What further testimony do we need? For we have heard it ourselves from His own mouth.” Jesus reveals to his brothers his ascent to glory and they hated him even the more.
Matt 24:30 “Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.”
Joseph’s brethren were jealous of his Fathers love and favor toward him.
Genesis 37:23-25: “So it came to pass, when Joseph had come to his brothers, that they stripped Joseph of his tunic, the tunic of many colors that was on him. Then they took him and cast him into a pit. And the pit was empty; there was no water in it.”
Joseph was betrayed by his Jewish brothers into the hands of the gentile but took the betrayal and turned it around and made it a way for all Israel and the world to be saved. Jesus was betrayed by his Jewish brethren into the hands of gentiles.
Luke 18:32: “For He will be delivered to the Gentiles and will be mocked and insulted and spit upon.”
Matt 20:19: “and deliver Him to the Gentiles to mock and to scourge and to crucify. And the third day He will rise again.”
Joseph’s brothers conspired against him as did the Messiahs brethren. Joseph is betrayed by his brothers for twenty pieces of silver (Gen. 37:28). Silver represents the price of redemption. (The Levites had to redeem the first born with 30 pieces of silver). Jesus is betrayed by his brother yehuda, for thirty pieces of silver (Matt.26:15).
Gen.39:11-15 Joseph is tempted and endures- Mt.4:1-11 Jesus is also tempted and is victorious.
Gen.39:13-18 Joseph is accused falsely-Mt.29 59-65 Jesus is also accused falsely.
Both are condemned with two criminals
Josephs dreams of 3 days (Gen.40:12-22); like Joseph, Jesus had 3 days to prove who He is (Mk.8:31, 15:29; Jn.20:20). Joseph was punished with the cup bearer and the baker – Jesus is condemned with two criminals, one perished and one was saved.
Joseph predicted one would live the other die (Gen.40:21-22).
Luke 23:43: And Jesus said to him, “Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise.” Jesus predicts one would die the other would have life.
Gen. 41:14 Joseph is raised by the king in one day- from a place of death to a place of glory.
Eph. 1:19-20 Jesus is raised to his place of exaltation, God “raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places,” both are raised from the place of condemnation to glory in a single day.
Pharaoh named Joseph "Zaphnath Paaneah" "the-salvation-of-the-life or world" (from Barnes' commentary), “support or sustainer of life” (from Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament). Which can also be translated the food of life or of the living. Yeshua is called the bread of life (John 6:35). Israel was fed miraculously manna from heaven- Jesus who is the true manna from heaven came to earth to do God’s will feeding the people the true food, his word. Jn.6:33: “For the bread of God is He who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.” As the manna sustained Israel through the wilderness, Jesus is the bread of life we live by.
Like the Antitype Joseph was 30 on entering on his public ministry, Jesus likewise was the same age when he entered His ministry (Luke 3:23).
Joseph’s brothers did not recognize him at first but at the second time when they were brought before him they did. When Joseph reveals himself to his brothers they weep. When Yeshua is revealed to his brethren they too will weep as one weeps for an only son (Zech.12:10), much more can be said about the life of Joseph who suffered. The one they betrayed is now the exalted one that saves them. Gen 47:25 So they said, “You have saved our lives; let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.”
Joseph is acknowledged to be savior and ruler- Jesus is also.
After being exalted Joseph takes a gentile bride - Jesus also takes a gentile bride. The book of Ruth is read in at Hag shavout feast of weeks (Pentecost) it is the story of a Jewish man taking a gentile bride.
Joseph had a coat of many colors made by his father out of his love for him. Genesis 37:3-4: “Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age. Also he made him a tunic of many colors. But when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him and could not speak peaceably to him.” In the same manner, the Father speaks of Jesus as his only son in whom he is well pleased. The robe of many colors consisted of different materials woven together as one. Similarly, Jesus saves people from all tribes and nations he brings people of every color tribe and race together in his body.
There are numerous typologies from the Old Testament fulfilled by Jesus. Mt.1:13 God warns Mary and Joseph to flee to Egypt to preserve the child’s life. Matthew quotes Hosea 11 which is historically referring to the Exodus and Moses but Matthew takes the passage out of its historical context and gives us a spiritual insight about the Messiah. Jesus as the deliverer is to be called out of Egypt liken to Moses the deliverer to ultimately fulfill the scripture Matt 2:15: “and was there until the death of Herod, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, "Out of Egypt I called My Son." As Israel (the nation) was called out of Egypt, Jesus (representing Israel) was also called out of Egypt. (Matthew 2:16).
Israel as the national son of God went through the desert for 40 years to be tested and failed.
Jesus the true Son of God by His nature, represents Israel and was tested in the desert 40 days and passed.
Israel was tempted and longed for the food that once had in Egypt and asked Moses to eat meat not manna.
Jesus after he fasted 40 days in the desert was also tempted to turn stones into bread to end his hunger.
Israel was to live on the manna sent from heaven; Jesus answer to the Devil was that he does not live on physical bread but every word that proceeds from the mouth of God, the Father in heaven.
Deut.18:15 there would be a prophet like unto Moses-Just as Moses fed the people supernaturally in the wilderness - so did the Messiah. He fed 3,000 and 5,000 people fulfilling the prophecy that he would be like Moses. When Moses parted the waters, Israel walked through them without getting wet. Jesus made still the waters, Jesus also walked on the waters. Moses is clearly a type of Jesus Christ in various ways. Remember God called him the humblest man on earth, Jesus was in complete and perfect humility (Phil 2:5-7). He delivered his people from bondage and those who had faith made it into the Promised Land, likewise Jesus delivers his people.
In Numbers Moses is told to lift up the pole with the serpent (Num.21:8-9) for the people who were being bit to be healed. The antitype Jesus is lifted up on the cross. John 3:13-15:“No one has ascended to heaven but He who came down from heaven, that is, the Son of Man who is in heaven. And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have eternal life.” Jesus is lifted up on the cross signifying he is fulfilling something of Moses – he said elsewhere “And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all peoples to Myself." This He said, signifying by what death He would die. John 12:32-34
In their wilderness journey the people of Israel thirst. Numbers 21:16-18: “…the LORD said to Moses, "Gather the people together, and I will give them water." Exodus 17:5-6: “And the LORD said to Moses, "Go on before the people, and take with you some of the elders of Israel. Also take in your hand your rod with which you struck the river, and go. Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink."
Moses struck the rock once and water came out to quench the thirst of all the people (Christ was struck once on the cross). Jesus said he is the living water (a water greater than what Moses gave).
When we come to the New Testament Paul explains in 1 Corinthians 10:3-4: “all ate the same spiritual food, and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ” The literal water is typified and called "spiritual drink" that came from Christ as the source through the rock. He accompanied them through their whole journey into the promise land (Exodus 33:15).
We read that Israel sang with Moses “Then the horse and its rider are thrown into the sea The LORD is my strength and song, And He has become my salvation; (Exodus 15:1).
In Revelation 15:3 the saints “sing the song of Moses-the horse and rider thrown into the sea”
Many of the judgments that happened in Exodus that were to punish the king who kept Israel in bondage are replayed in the end- in the book of Revelation. The oceans become blood most of the sea life dies, plagues, hailstones, fire and blood, and a supernatural darkness covers the earth, as God pours out His wrath on a Christ rejecting world.
Types in Abraham and Isaac
Abraham is told to take ‘his only Son” Isaac (the son of promise) on a 3 day journey to a specific place. He is to build an altar on Mt. Moriah, to sacrifice his son. Genesis 22:7-8: When his son asked “Look, the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?" Abraham prophesied by saying to his son, "My son, God will provide for Himself the lamb for a burnt offering." Abraham called the name of the place, THE-LORD-WILL-PROVIDE; as it is said to this day, “In the Mount of The LORD it shall be provided.” Isaac is an obedient son who walks up the hill with the wood for the sacrifice and is bound onto the altar. Abraham is prevented to go through with the sacrifice by the Angel of the LORD that called to Abraham a second time out of heaven, and said: “By Myself I have sworn, says the LORD (Yahweh), because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son.” The lord reaffirms what he told Abraham when he was first called (Gen.12:1-4) Genesis 22:17-18: “blessing I will bless you, and in multiplying I will multiply your descendants as the stars of the heaven and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your descendants shall possess the gate of their enemies. 18 In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice."
In these types we see Abraham bringing his son to a Mountain carrying wood to a sacrificial altar to be sacrifice. Jesus as the obedient Son also carried wood up the mountain (as long as he could) and willingly was nailed to the altar in the same place. While Abraham was held back from sacrificing His only Son, in fulfillment of Abraham saying God will provide (himself) as the lamb, Yeshua, like Isaac walked up the hill with wood to His altar of sacrifice. Many who read this in the Hebrew say that God would provide Himself as the lamb. God on the same mountain two thousand years later gave “His only Son” willingly, fulfilling the promise that he gave Abraham. "In the Mount of The LORD it shall be provided," and it was (Gen. 22:14)
John 8:56-58 “Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad.” Then the Jews said to Him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have You seen Abraham?” Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM.” When did Abraham see his day? The answer is in Genesis 22 when Abraham was going to sacrifice his only son and God called out to stop him and Abraham prophesied that God would provide himself as the lamb for a burnt offering. Yeshua said that Abraham saw the meaning of his visitation, which pointed to himself as the one Abraham knew.
Types in the New Testament apostolic writings
John begins his gospel “In the beginning was the word,… which was God, was life and the light of men which shined in the darkness (Jn.1:1,4, 9). John is relating this back to Genesis as the light of the world and creator of man.
Jesus as light of the world is the shekinah glory of God that appeared in Genesis before the sun or the moon did. He uses the same language for Jesus who tabernacled among us in Jn.1:14. Who took on flesh and dwelt among them and they saw his glory. Relating himself to the light in the tabernacle over the mercy seat, the shekinah glory revealed to Israel in it. Jesus showed who He actually was on the mount of Transfiguration.
In John 8:12 Jesus says “I am the light of the world. He who follows Me shall not walk in darkness, but have the light of life.” John 1:4 “In Him was life, and the life was the light of men.”
Johns writing is filled with Judaic typology. Genesis 1:1, God created the heavens and the earth, Revelation 21:1 God creates a New Heaven and new Earth. Gen. 1:16, the sun and moon is created- Rev. 21:23, 25 there is no need for the sun and moon. The lamb is the light of the New Jerusalem that comes down out of heaven after the Millennium runs its course (Rev.21:23). The earth is returned to its state before the sun and moon were created, as stated in Genesis. Gen. 2:9,16; 3:22 the tree of life is in the midst of the garden of Eden. In Rev. 2:7,22:2 tree of life in the midst of paradise. We have a replay of all that was to take place except it is not through Adam but the new man Jesus Christ.
The apostle Paul 1 Corinthians 15:44-48: “There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body. And so it is written, "The first man Adam became a living being." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural, and afterward the spiritual. The first man was of the earth, made of dust; the second Man is the Lord from heaven.”
Jesus is called the last Adam who is of the earth. Adam was the first created of his species, Eve was then taken from Adam and given back to him as his wife. Jesus is the Lord from heaven who becomes the new man, who has no sin throughout his life and died for our sins. After he was resurrected He no longer can die. All believers are found in Christ and are given to him as his bride (Eph.5) and will receive the same resurrection.
Jesus is called the last Adam because his body was supernaturally made like the first. The first Adam brought the curse; the Last Adam bore the curse (Gal. 3:13). Adam’s sin caused thorns to grow (Gen. 3:18), but Jesus wore thorns upon his head (Matt. 27:29) illustrating that He carried the curse of sin away.
Jesus said, (Matthew 12:39) “A wicked and adulterous generation asks for a sign! But none will be given it except the sign of the prophet Jonah.” “the sign of the prophet Jonah” is described "as Jonah was three days and nights in the stomach of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth" (Matthew 12:40). In other words, the sign of Jonah points to Yeshuas death burial and resurrection because Jonah actually died. Jesus also says the men of Nineveh repented at the preaching of Jonah. Luke 11:32: “The men of Nineveh will rise up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and indeed a greater than Jonah is here.”
Illustrating that the Gentiles would repent where the Jews didn't and so they would be judged. To whom much is given much is required. If the Gentiles repented from Jonah who took 3 days to walk through Nineveh, Israel would be held more accountable for the three years Jesus walked through their cities.
There are dichotomies in typology. Isa 6 Isaiah saw the Lord and realized he was unclean among an unclean people. In John 12:37-38: “But although He had done so many signs before them, they did not believe in Him, that the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled,” Isaiah the prophet is quoted in John 12:38-41"Lord, who has believed our report? And to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?"
“Therefore they could not believe, because Isaiah said again: "He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, Lest they should see with their eyes, Lest they should understand with their hearts and turn,
So that I should heal them." These things Isaiah said when he saw His glory and spoke of Him.
We are told it was Jesus whom Isaiah saw on the throne- it was Jesus.
In Acts 7 Stephen also sees the Lord, except he is in a right relationship with him (Acts 7:55-56).
“he, being full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God, "Look! I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God!
This time there is no condemnation but an acknowledgment as Jesus stands to welcome the first martyr in the Church.
There are patterns, types, and symbols all used by the people places instructions (such as the tabernacle) to be kept so they would identify and understand the Messiah. Seven festivals were given to Israel to guide His people through the centuries. While the Law was a tutor (Gal. 3:24-25) until Messiah came, the feasts were prophetic: Col.2:16, 17 called “holy convocation” “migraw” a rehearsal. The 7 Feasts prophetically outlined the future from the life and death of Christ (Unleaven bread and Passover) till the Millennium reign on earth (Tabernacles). These are seven Old Testament types of God's prophetic plan. All the shadows ands types were given to Israel to recognize their Messiah who would be the embodiment and fulfill them all.
The 7 feasts are found in Lev.23 the feasts were part of their religious calendar that they were to continually keep. “These are My appointed feasts, holy seasons of the LORD, which you are to proclaim at their appointed times” These were types of Christ as Paul states in Col.2:18 they are a shadow of things to come. Christ came, He is the substance; the law was the pattern, Christ is the reality, the fulfillment. Paul speaks of the 'festival' as 'a shadow of things to come, the Greek word 'skia = 'shadow', is often used to express anything imperfect or unsubstantial; Christ is the substance. The term 'sooma'= 'substance; convey the opposite sense, expressing anything tangible, solid, and firm. He (Yeshua) as the substance fulfills all the shadows (types, symbols, patterns, prophecies).
These feasts are symbolic of Christ. The feast days were broken up into 2 cycles-- the spring season are 4 feasts grouped together taking place within 50 days--a summer break to prepare for the fall harvest season and the 3 fall feasts. The 4 spring feasts found in Lev.23 were fulfilled in Jesus’ first coming and He fulfills the three autumn holidays in his 2nd coming. This why they are grouped in this order. The fall feasts are, feast of trumpets, Day of Atonement, feasts of Booths or gatherings, all to be fulfilled in his 2nd coming (taking place in a 2 week period).
For example: John 7:37-38 at the temple when they were celebrating the feasts of tabernacles and pouring out the water on the steps: “On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink. “He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.” Speaking of the Spirit that would be given when he is glorified.
Yeshua (Jesus) draws on the imagery of Ezekiel 47 which points to the Millennium. Also Isa. 44:3-4 “For I will pour water on him who is thirsty, and floods on the dry ground; I will pour My Spirit on your descendants, and My blessing on your offspring; They will spring up among the grass like willows by the watercourses.” The water being poured out in typology is an example of the Holy Spirit.
Jesus also used the supply of miraculous manna from heaven for Israel’s traveling the desert to the Promised Land as representing himself. In John 6 it is recorded that the day before he fed 5,000 and proclaims that He can give “food which endures to eternal life.” John 6:32-33: The bread Moses gave was not the true bread, the bread of God is He Who comes down from Heaven, and gives life to the World. Then they said to Him, “Lord, give us this bread always.” And Jesus said V.35: “ I am that bread. He who believes in Me will never hunger or thirst.” will not hunger or thirst but believes. He uses the miraculous event of bread from heaven as an analogy to illustrate the need to believe in him. V. 47 “He who believes in Me has everlasting life.” Here Jesus points to himself as the source, by believing. He is pointing to himself as the one who is God, that has eternal life to give. Notice He says in the present tense He is the bread. As manna came from heaven to earth so did he. V.63 “It is the Spirit that gives life, the flesh profits nothing. The words I speak are Spirit, it is they that are life.” Jesus used a natural example that Israel was familiar with to illustrate a spiritual truth and himself as the fulfillment.
The feast of first fruits is the first day of the week after the Sabbath, this was the Sunday after the Passover when Yeshua was sacrificed. He was the first fruits risen to eternal life 1 Cor.15:20. There were two types of resurrections, one like Lazarus who resurrected and died again and Christ who rose and is never to die again. He is the only one of this type until the day of the resurrection; when all the church will be raised to eternal life never to die again. Paul writes in 1 Cor. 15:20: “But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.” The feast of the first fruits would occur on the first day of the week (this would be Sunday) the high priest would go near dawn, at prior to sunrise into the Kidron valley that is between the mount of Olives and Zion the temple mount. He‘d go into the Kidron valley at sunrise and look for first bit of the grain offering coming out of the earth. At the first glimpse of sunrise he would harvest the first sprout of grain and bring it into the temple and wave it before the Lord. The gospels tell us Jesus rose at about dawn, the very time the high priest was bringing the first fruit into the temple. Jesus became first fruit of the resurrection unto eternal life. This is the meaning of the Passover and first fruits, that is our celebration of the gospel, Christ’s death burial and resurrection.
When Jesus died and rose again on the third day he fulfilled 3 of the feasts in Lev.23 (4th feast was fulfilled on the day of Pentecost when he sent the Holy Spirit and it became the birth of the church). The last feast Jesus fulfilled is Pentecost, the feasts of weeks (Hag Hashacout Lev.23:15-21). This is the last of the group of 4 spring feasts (seven weeks plus one day after Passover they are observe the Feast of Weeks.
Christ fulfills all the Old Testament types which the New Testament says are shadows of the true light.
God's prophetic calendar, showing us what He's going to do throughout the coming centuries i.e. seven festivals to portray God's work on earth. He has a purpose and a plan, a prophetic program that He is working to. The counsel of the LORD stands forever; the plans of His heart to all generations' (Ps.33:11). Prophecy is history written in advance, revealing the unfolding plan of God. The fall feasts are to be fulfilled by his work that prepares the second coming.The Old Testament also records instances of the anointing of a prophet, Samuel was sent to anoint Saul (1 Sam. 15:1), Elijah was to anoint Jehu 1 Kings 19:16. (Moses) poured some of the anointing oil on Aaron's head and anointed him, to consecrate him (Lev. 8:12, 21:10,12), this is pictured in Psalm 133:1. The oil did not touch the flesh but the robe on his body, we as his body wear the robes of salvation (Isa.61:10). This is typology of the spiritual nature and approval from Christ, who is the Head, to us, we are His body under him. Jesus was anointed by the Father :Hebrews 1:9: “You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of gladness more than Your companions”
2 Corinthians 1:21-22: “Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and has anointed us is God, who also has sealed us and given us the Spirit in our hearts as a guarantee” (also Acts 10:38) .
He was sent to anoint us, 2 Corinthians 1:21-22: “Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and has anointed us is God, who also has sealed us and given us the Spirit in our hearts as a guarantee.” Because we all are the body of Christ, we are all equally anointed, we all have spiritual gifts and calling that will glorify the Son. Psalm 133:2 gives us an illustration of the anointing with typology of the high priest. “Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity! It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard: that went down to the skirts of his garments; As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there the LORD commanded the blessing, even life for evermore” (Ex. 25:6 29:7,30:25, 31,31:11, 35:8,37:29, 39:38, 40:9, 15 and Lev.8:2 the anointing oil is on Aaron the garments and the sacrifices.)
The anointing oil flowed down the hair and beard of the head Old Testament high Priest, then onto his garments. Christ is the Head of the body; He is the “anointed one” from the Father. From Him the anointing flows over the body that is under his leadership and that is dressed in Christ righteousness.
Hebrews 3:1-6: “Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Christ Jesus, who was faithful to Him who appointed Him, as Moses also was faithful in all His house. For this One has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as He who built the house has more honor than the house. For every house is built by someone, but He who built all things is God. And Moses indeed was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which would be spoken afterward, but Christ as a Son over His own house, whose house we are if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm to the end.”
Jesus is the alpha and omega the beginning and the end of all THAT IS WRITTEN TO US, Christ is all we need.